Kenting National Park is located in the southernmost part of Hengchun Peninsula, and it is rich in tropical flavor.
It also possesses diverse environments such as bays, reef shores, tropical broad-leaved forests, hills, grasslands, streams, water pools, lakes, swamps, and others.
Because of different types of environments, a variety of different biological resources are grown. In addition to the living resources of the ocean, the plant and animal resources in the terrestrial range are very distinctive.
Plant Resources of Kenting National Park
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The grassland belt is mainly a windward slope, and because of the effect of strong wind and other climatic factors, the plants are also shallow and dense.
The representative plants are muraina grass and cernuous clubmoss.
In the windward area at the edge of the grassland, there are thickets dominated by Polyspora axillaris and Hengchun bayberry that grow on steep slopes or near the coast.
On the other hand, there are common melastoma 12, silver-grass, and other major thickets in the sheltered area.
The forests in this area mostly appear at the windward side of the mountaintop; the main plants at the windward mountainside and the lower side of the windward slope are macrophanerophytes such as Hong-Kong Oak, caudate-leaved chinkapin, Chinshuiying Tanoak, etc.
There are relatively shorter trees such as Polyspora axillaris, large-leaved Aglaia, Taiwan Anisetree, and Taiwan Mountain Longan. In addition, there are intertwining vines such as Freycinetia formosana Hemsl and others.
The vegetation species in the whole area are complex, and according to the environment and distribution location of the place of growth, the vegetation species in the whole area can be summarized into eleven major types of plant group types:
- evergreen broad-leaf forest;
- sclerophyll forest;
- deciduous broad-leaved forest;
- sclerophyll deciduous mixed type;
- elevated coral reef vegetation;
- deciduous shrubland;
- coastal vegetation zonation;
- aquatic vegetation.
Due to the significant influence of the downhill wind (northeast monsoon) on Kenting National Park, the vegetation in the blowing area is affected by strong winds.
It has a dry cold and mechanical brushing effect on the plants, so typical representatives of vegetations are low-tree-type and hard-leaved sclerophyll forest (e.g., Formosan Tanoak) or chaparral (e.g., Polyspora axillaris and Pandanus tectorius) plant groups.
n addition, due to differences in rainfall distribution, the forest vegetation at the east side of Gangkou River is biased towards evergreen forests, while the forest at the west side is mostly biased towards deciduous forests.